Beetroot is the taproot portion of the beet plant and is mainly cultivated for its edible taproots. It is one of the several cultivated varieties of beta vulgaris and is known by various names such as table beet, garden beet, etc. Beetroot is a good source of many nutrients like vitamins, minerals, antioxidants, phytonutrients, dietary fibers, etc. and the presence of these compounds make them very beneficial for us. Consuming beetroot on a regular basis provides a number of health and beauty benefits. Although beetroot is good for us, it is advisable to eat them in moderation. This is because eating too many beetroots can do more harm than good. In this article, we will know about the major side effects of eating too many beetroots, but first, let’s take a look at the below-mentioned nutrition chart of beetroot.
Nutrition Chart of Beetroot
Side Effects of Eating Too Many Beetroots
(1) Might Cause Beeturia
Eating beetroot or drinking beetroot juice on a regular basis provides a number of health benefits. The health benefits provided by the beetroot are because of the various compounds like vitamins, minerals, antioxidants, phytonutrients, etc. present in them.
One such compound is “Betalain”.
Betalain is an antioxidant that provides a number of benefits like protects our cells from the oxidative damage caused by the free radicals, keeps our vital organs healthy, aids in the elimination of toxins from our system and so on. It is also responsible for giving the dark pinkish or the red pigmentation to the beetroot. Although betalain is good for us, there is a strange effect associated with it when consumed in excess.
It has been found that large doses of betalain in our system can influence the color of urine and make it appear pink in color. This effect is more likely to occur in individuals with iron deficiency. This condition is known as Beeturia. Although beeturia is not a harmful condition it surely warns about the poor iron metabolism of the individual.
(2) Might Increase The Risk of Kidney Stones
Beetroot is a good source of many antioxidants like Vitamin C, VItamin E and other antioxidantal compounds like phytonutrients, polyphenols, etc. that fights with the free radicals of our body, stabilizes them and prevents them from causing oxidative damage to our cells, including those of vital organs like liver and kidneys. They are also effective for the proper elimination of toxins from our system, and this contributes to maintaining the health of the liver and kidneys.
Although beetroots are good for kidneys ( only when consumed in moderate quantity), it is advisable to keep an eye on their consumption. This side effect of beetroot is because of the presence of oxalates in them.
As per the Harvard Health Blog, eating too many beetroots can increase the risk of kidney stones because of a large number of oxalates in them. If you don’t have a history of kidney stones, then you are still safe. However, if you had kidney stones in the past, then eating too many beetroots might trigger the situation of kidney stones again.
The oxalate present in the beetroot combines with the calcium in our body giving rise to calcium oxalate, a form of stone. Beetroot itself can provide calcium to our body as eating 100 grams of beetroot provides around 16 mg of calcium. The oxalate present in the beetroot can directly contribute to kidney stones as they increase the excretion of urinary calcium oxalate, which can lead to kidney stones.
(3) Might Cause Allergic Reactions
Beetroot is a good source of many nutrients like vitamins, minerals, antioxidants, phytonutrients, polyphenols, dietary fibers, etc. and the presence of these compounds make them very beneficial for us. Although beetroot provides a number of benefits, not everyone can enjoy these benefits.
This is because the consumption of beetroot might cause allergic reactions in some individuals. Some common allergic reactions caused by the beetroot are skin rashes, hives, itchiness, chills and even fever. In some individuals, consumption of beetroot also constricts the vocal cords, making it difficult to speak and swallow.
So, if you are allergic to beetroot then it is advisable to avoid consuming beetroots in any form.
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(4) Colored Stools
The Betacyanin ( that converts to betalain) present in the beetroot is responsible for giving the red pigmentation to the beetroot. In general, food usually loses their color as they go through the digestive system but that is not the case with the beetroots.
The pigmentation effect of betacyanin is so strong that it also reflects on the urine and stool we excrete. The betacyanin present in the beetroot might change the stool to pink in color.
Excessive consumption of beetroot can also cause a condition known as “Melaena”, in which our body passes tarry or black stools because of the presence of altered blood. If you are passing colored stools frequently, it is advisable to stop consuming beetroot for a couple of days and check if the colored stool was because of the beetroot or if there is some other serious concern like blood in the stool.
The coloration of urine and stool because of the beetroot might hide off the serious health concern like blood in urine and stool ( as we tend to ignore the coloring of urine and stool, thinking that it is a normal effect of beetroot).
(5) Not So Good For Diabetic Patients
Eating beetroot or drinking beetroot juice on a regular basis has been found to be both good and bad for individuals with diabetes or those who are at the risk of developing diabetes. Beetroots are low in carbohydrates which means one needs to eat up a large amount of beetroot ( at least cups) in order to increase the blood sugar level.
However, if you are already eating beetroots in excess then this threshold can easily be achieved, and this may increase the level of blood sugar in the body. The high glycemic index of beetroot also contributes to the increased level of sugar in the bloodstream and thus worsen the situation of diabetes.
(6) Not So Good For Pregnant Women
Pregnancy is an important stage in every woman’s life. In this stage, it is very important for the woman to make sure that she is eating a healthy diet. This is because what a pregnant woman eats and drinks not only determines her health but also determines the health and wellness of the fetus developing in her womb.
Beetroot is a good source of many nutrients like vitamins, minerals, antioxidants, phytonutrients, etc. that provides a number of benefits, and this makes beetroot beneficial for pregnant women. The antioxidants present in the beetroot fights with the free radicals of our body, stabilize them and thus prevents them from causing oxidative damage to our cells. In this way, they also protect the uterus and the fetus from the oxidative damage.
The folic acid present in the beetroot aids in the brain development of the fetus and reduces the risk of neural tube defects like spina bifida. Other nutrients like iron, calcium, magnesium, phosphorus, etc. also aid in maintaining a healthy pregnancy.
Although beetroots are good for pregnancy, it is advisable to eat them in moderation and only after having a word with your doctor about the same. This is because the betaine present in the beetroot had shown some adverse effects in pregnancy ( in animal testing ).
High level of nitrites in the beetroot also makes it unsuitable for pregnant mothers because pregnant women are more likely to develop nitrite toxicity. Increased risk of nitrate toxicity is not just limited to pregnant mothers, as a fetus can also develop the risk of nitrate toxicity, especially during the 30th week of pregnancy.
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(7) Can Cause Gouts
Consuming beetroot on a regular and moderate basis has been found to be very beneficial for providing relief from pain and inflammation caused by inflammatory problems like arthritis, rheumatism, gouts, etc. This benefit of beetroot is because of the presence of Vitamin C in it. Vitamin C is anti-inflammatory in nature which means it is very effective for relieving pain and inflammation. As it is an antioxidant, so it also protects us from the oxidative stress caused by the free radicals.
However, there is a twist.
Beetroots are high in oxalates that contribute to the formation of excessive uric acid in our system. Too much uric acid is bad for us as it leads to the formation of gout, which includes common symptoms like extreme joint pains, shiny red joints, and high fever.
This is another reason to avoid eating beetroot excessively.
(8) Might Increase The Accumulation of Minerals
Beetroot is a good source of many nutrients like vitamins and minerals that provide a number of health and beauty benefits. Some essential minerals present in the beetroot are copper, iron, magnesium, iron, and phosphorus. Presence of these minerals makes beetroot very beneficial for us. Iron present in the beetroot aids in treating anemia. Phosphorus makes our bones stronger, and the magnesium improves cognitive functions. There are many other benefits associated with minerals.
Although beetroot is a good source of essential minerals, it is advisable to eat them in moderation. This is because eating too many beetroots might increase the accumulation of minerals in our system, which can lead to hemochromatosis.
Hemochromatosis is a condition caused by the excessive accumulation of iron in our system. Some common symptoms of hemochromatosis are lethargy, reduced hormone production, abnormal heartbeat, arthritis, etc.
(9) Too Much Dietary Fiber Is Bad For Stomach
Regular and moderate consumption of beetroot has been found to be very beneficial for our stomach and aids in keeping our digestive system healthy. This benefit of beetroot is mainly because of the dietary fibers present in them.
The dietary fibers present in the beetroot acts as a natural laxative, improves bowel movement, and ensures the smooth passage of stool from our system. This provides relief from constipation and also reduces the risk of other gastrointestinal problems like abdominal pain, bloating, flatulence, irritable bowel syndrome, etc.
Although dietary fibers are good for our digestive health, it is advisable to eat beetroot in moderation. This is because too many dietary fibers in our system can do more harm than the good. It has been found that excessive intake of dietary fibers can give rise to stomach problems like abdominal pain, poor absorption of nutrients, intestinal gas, intestinal blockage, etc.
Dietary fibers are also known for absorbing a lot of water from our system. High intake of dietary fibers ( by over-consumption of beetroot) without drinking plenty of water can increase the risk of dehydration in our system. This affects our system in a very negative manner giving rise to problems like poor digestion, poor absorption of nutrients, hardening of stool, stomach cramps and so on.
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(10) Too Many Antioxidants Are Bad For Our Health
Beetroot is an excellent source of various antioxidants like vitamin C, vitamin E and other antioxidantal compounds like phytonutrients, polyphenols, phytochemicals, etc. that provides a number of health and beauty benefits.
The antioxidants and the other relevant compounds present in the beetroot fights with the free radicals of our system, stabilize them and prevents them from causing oxidative damage to our cells, and thus reduces the risk of several types of cancers like colon cancer, abdominal cancer, lung cancer, etc.
They are also effective for better elimination of toxins and other impurities from our system, and thus aids in keeping our vital organs like liver and kidneys healthy. They also aid in keeping various signs of premature aging like fine lines, wrinkles, age spots, dark spots, etc. at bay.
Some other benefits provided by the antioxidants provide anti-inflammatory benefits, improves cognitive functions, strengthens the immune system, and so on.
Although antioxidants present in the beetroot are great for us and provides a number of benefits, it is advisable to eat beetroots in moderation. This is because of the high level of antioxidants in our system can do more harm than the good.
According to a study published in the Journal of the Cancer Institute, it was found that smokers who took beta-carotene supplements in excessive quantity were at a higher risk of developing lung cancer in comparison to the smokers who didn’t. Another study conducted by the office of the Dietary supplements has found that a high level of vitamin E in our system can increase the risk of hemorrhagic stroke.
This negative effect of antioxidants is because of the fact that in large doses, antioxidants not only targets the cancer cells but also targets the healthy cells around them, and in this way they cause oxidative damage to our cells and tissues, thereby increasing the risk of various cancers.
(11) May Cause Hypotension
Eating beetroot or drinking beetroot juice on a regular and moderate basis has been found to be very beneficial for providing relief from high blood pressure or hypertension, which is a leading cause of various cardiovascular problems like heart attack, heart stroke, irregular heartbeat, etc. Hypertension is a condition in which our blood pressure increases above the normal range. Some common symptoms of hypertension are a headache, blurred vision, dizziness, shortness of breath, etc. ( source). It affects millions of people all over the world, and the number is increasing day by day.
Beetroot has been found to be very beneficial for providing relief from hypertension. This benefit of beetroot is mainly because of the high level of potassium in it. Potassium is a natural vasodilator that relaxes our blood vessels, improves blood circulation and thus aids in managing blood pressure, thereby provides relief from hypertension.
Although beetroot is effective in controlling blood pressure, it is advisable to consume them in moderation. This is because the high level of potassium in our system can drop our blood pressure to a very low level giving rise to hypotension. Hypotension is a condition in which our blood pressure drops below the normal range, giving rise to symptoms like fatigue, lightheadedness, blurry vision, depression, etc.
Alternatively, if you are already suffering from the condition of low blood pressure or hypotension, then consuming beetroot ( in excess) will just worsen the situation.
In addition to this, if you are already taking medication for the blood pressure, then it is advisable to consume beetroots only after having a word with your doctor about the same. This is because potassium present in the beetroot may interfere with the blood pressure medication and may worsen the situation.
The information contained in the post is for general purpose only and shouldn’t be considered as medical advice or as an alternative to medical advice. Although I’ve tried my best to keep the information contained in this post as accurate and updated as possible, I make no guarantee of the accurateness of the same.
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