Tomato is an edible vegetable that belongs to the nightshade family of the Solanaceae family. In terms of botany, it is a fruit, but it is commonly used as a vegetable and as a salad. Being a good source of many nutrients like vitamins, minerals, antioxidants, phytonutrients etc., they are beneficial in providing numerous health benefits and beauty benefits. However, just like other things, consuming too many tomatoes is bad for our health. In this article, we will know about the major side effects of eating too many tomatoes, but first, let’s take a look at below mentioned nutrition chart of tomatoes.
Nutrition Chart of Tomatoes
Side Effects of Eating Too Many Tomatoes
(1) May Cause Acid Reflux Or Heartburn
Regular and moderate consumption of tomatoes have been found to be very beneficial for our stomach and helps in keeping our digestive system healthy.
This benefit is mainly due to the presence of dietary fibers in them. They act as a natural laxative, improves bowel movement and ensures smooth elimination of waste from our system.
By doing so, they not only provide relief from constipation but also reduces the risk of other digestive disorders like abdominal pain, bloating, irritable bowel syndrome, gas etc.
Although tomatoes are good for our stomach, still, it is better to eat enjoy them in moderation.
This is because they are acidic in nature ( because of the presence of malic acid and citric acids) and consuming them in excessive quantity may imbalance the acidic level of our stomach giving rise to problems like heartburn and acid reflux.
At normal level, acid present in the stomach is never a problem ( in fact it is MUST, as it facilitates digestion by breaking down food molecules ), but when the level of acid gets high ( like by eating acidic food) then acid starts flowing up in the esophagus and give rise to heartburn.
As per a study conducted by the University of Maryland Medical Center, consuming tomatoes can even worsen the symptoms of GERD ( Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease) and should be avoided by the patients suffering GERD.
Some common symptoms of GERD are chronic chest pain, dry cough, recurrent vomiting, heartburn, nausea, bitter taste, sore throat, abdominal discomfort etc.
(2) May Cause Allergic Reactions
Tomatoes are a great source of many nutrients like vitamins, minerals, antioxidants, phytonutrients, flavonoids, dietary fibers etc. and provide numerous health and beauty benefits.
However, these benefits can’t be enjoyed by the people who are allergic to tomatoes.
As per a Polish study, the main culprit responsible for tomato allergy is “Histamine”, a compound present in the tomatoes.
Tomato allergy can trigger by consuming it and even by getting in skin contact with it.
Consuming tomatoes may give rise to allergic reactions like hives, skin rashes, eczema, coughing, sneezing, itchy throat, swollen face, swollen tongue etc. (in individuals who are allergic to tomatoes).
In addition to this, it can also form a red patch around the eyebrows and the eyelids.
(3) May Cause Kidney Problems
Consuming tomatoes on a regular and moderate basis has been found to be very beneficial in removing toxins and other impurities from our system.
This toxin-removal benefit of tomatoes is mainly because of the abundance of water ( that flushes off toxins) and dietary fiber ( which improves bowel movement) in them.
By removing toxins from our system, tomatoes also reduces the burden on our kidneys and aids in keeping them healthy.
However, excessive consumption of tomatoes is bad for our kidneys.
This is because consuming too many tomatoes may increase the level of potassium in our body.
As per a report published by the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, high level of potassium in our blood may increase the risk of kidney problems and even worsen the symptoms of advanced chronic kidney disease.
In addition to this, tomatoes are also rich in oxalates, and higher level may give rise to kidney stones.
(4) May Cause Irritable Bowel Syndrome
If you are suffering from Irritable bowel syndrome, then you should not at all include tomatoes in your diet.
Although they are good for our stomach and helps in keeping our digestive system healthy, they also host certain allergens that may cause or worsen the symptoms of irritable bowel syndrome.
If you are not suffering from irritable bowel syndrome then you can enjoy tomatoes in moderation, but make sure that you are not allergic to them.
(5) May Cause Diarrhea
Consuming tomatoes on a regular basis has been found to be very effective in providing relief from constipation and for reducing the risk of other digestive problems like abdominal pain, bloating, indigestion etc.
This benefit is mainly due to the presence of dietary fibers in them. These dietary fibers act as a natural laxative, improves bowel movement and aids in the smooth elimination of waste from our system.
However, it should also be noted that overeating tomatoes may give rise to diarrhea.
The main culprit behind this side effect is “Salmonella”, an organism that causes diarrhea, and tomatoes have been found to be a source of them.
(6) May Contain Excessive Sodium Level
In raw form, the tomato is not a good source of sodium, and in fact, 100 grams of sodium only contains 5 mg of sodium.
This is an advantage as this ensures that the low sodium level will not interfere with the blood pressure level, and this will reduce the risk of high blood pressure or hypertension.
However, if you are going to enjoy tomatoes in other forms like soup and sauce then make sure that choose lower sodium version soup.
Tomato soup can have an abnormally high level of the sodium level, and in fact, a single cup of tomato soup may contain between 700 to 1260 mg of sodium.
Similarly, canned tomatoes also contain a high level of sodium ( around 220 mg of sodium for every cup of tomato sauce).
Sodium is a vital mineral ( and as well as an electrolyte) that performs many functions in our body. Some of these are maintaining the liquid portion of blood, prevents blood pressure from dropping down to abnormally low level, aids in muscular and nerve functions maintains electrolyte balance etc.
However, it should be noted that too much of sodium in our body is not at all good for our health, and may give rise to problems like loss of consciousness, excessive thirst, swelling in body at various places, risk of development of kidney stones, may cause high blood pressure, may cause stomach ulcers etc.
So, if you would like to enjoy tomatoes without worrying about the sodium risk then keep an eye on sodium added to it.
Also Read: 18 Amazing Health Benefits of Tomatoes
(7) May Cause Lycopenodermia
Tomatoes are an excellent source of lycopene, an important antioxidant that provides a number of benefits to our health. Some of the major benefits provided by lycopene are, reduce the risk of cancer, protects against oxidative damage caused by the free radicals, aids in keeping our eyes healthy. improves cognitive health, improves cardiovascular health, strengthens our bones etc.
However, an excessive level of lycopene in our blood is also bad.
It has been found that eating too many tomatoes can increase the level of lycopene in our body to a very high level, and this can give rise to lycopenodermia.
Lycopenodermia is a condition that causes deep-orange coloration of our skin. Although this is not a health threat, it can definitely make your skin unattractive.
The situation can easily be prevented by reducing the level of lycopene in our blood, and for this, it is advisable to eat tomatoes in moderation.
(8) May Cause Urinary Problems
Tomatoes are a good source of water and around 94 percent of tomato’s weight is water.
This makes them diuretic to some extent and they increase the frequency of urination in our body.
This helps not only in removing excess water from our body but also eliminates toxins and other harmful materials from our system.
This makes them very beneficial for our kidneys and for the urinary system.
However, it should also be remembered that tomatoes are acidic in nature ( because of the presence of citric acid ) and the high level of acid in our system can irritate that bladder and may result in urinary incontinence, giving rise to bladder symptoms. In certain cases, it can also cause burning sensation in the bladder.
(9) May Cause Body Aches
Eating tomatoes on a regular and moderate basis has been found to be very effective in making our immune system stronger, and for reducing the risk of various diseases like a cough, cold, fever etc.
This benefit of tomato is mainly because of the presence of antioxidants like Vitamin C, and other antioxidantal compounds present in them.
These antioxidants fight with the free radicals of our body stabilizes them and thus prevents them from causing oxidative damage to our cells, including the white blood cells that form the backbone of the immune system.
However, it should also be noted that when our immune system reacts with the proteins present in the tomatoes, a compound called “Histamine” get released into the tissues, and may cause swelling and joint pains.
In addition to this, an alkaloid named “Solanine” present in the tomatoes can build up calcium level which may get accumulated in tissues, giving rise to inflammation.
Excessive consumption of tomatoes can also increase the uric acid level, giving rise to gouts.
This is another reason to eat tomatoes in moderation.
(10) May Cause Respiratory Problems In Some Individuals
Regular and moderate consumption of tomatoes has been found to be very beneficial for our respiratory system and helps in keeping our lungs healthy.
This benefit of tomatoes is mainly due to the presence of antioxidants in them.
These antioxidants prevent our lungs from the oxidative damage caused by the free radicals, and thus helps in keeping them healthy.
In addition to this, other nutrients present in the tomatoes also plays a significant role in keeping our respiratory system healthy.
However, not everyone can enjoy the respiratory benefits provided by tomatoes, especially those who are allergic to tomatoes.
As per a study conducted by the United States Department of Agriculture, it was found that tomatoes may cause breathing difficulties in individuals who are allergic to it.
It is also a leading cause of mold development, which can then give rise to allergies and respiratory problems.
(11) May Cause Migraine
Another major side effect of eating tomatoes in excessive quantity is their ability to trigger migraines and headache.
Several studies have confirmed that severity of a migraine can be prevented by up to 40 percent just by making some changes to diet, and tomato is one such vegetable that needs to be eliminated ( or at least reduced) from the diet if you are suffering from migraines.
(12) May Interfere With Functionality of Immune System
As mentioned earlier, consuming tomatoes on a regular and moderate basis is very beneficial in making our immune system stronger, and for reducing the risk of various diseases like cold, cough, flu, fever etc.
This benefit has been linked to the presence of a number of antioxidants and other antioxidantal compounds in them.
These antioxidants fight with the free radicals of our body, stabilizes them and prevents them from causing oxidative damage to our cells, including the white blood cells that form the backbone of the immune system.
Just like Vitamin C, other antioxidant “lycopene” present in tomato also plays a significant role in strengthening our immune system.
However, there’s a catch.
It has been found that excessive level of lycopene in our body can interfere with the immune system and make it less efficient to fight against bacterial and fungal infections.
This is another reason to avoid eating too many tomatoes.
(13) May Cause Adverse Effect On The Prostate Gland
An excess amount of lycopene is found to adversely affect the prostate gland in males resulting in pain, difficulty in passing urine and even cancer in extreme cases.
Lycopene present in the tomatoes provides a number of health benefits, but when consumed in excess, they can cause a havoc to our health.
It has been found that excessive intake of lycopene may affect prostate glands in males in a negative manner, giving rise to problems like extreme pain, difficulty in passing urine, and in some extreme cases, it may even increase the risk of prostate cancer.
(14) Too Many Tomatoes Are Bad For The Large Intestine
Now, this side effect of tomato is mainly because of their seeds.
Eating too many tomatoes means the accumulation of a large number of seeds in our system, and these seeds can have an adverse effect on the large intestine.
These seeds can hang onto the diverticula ( bulging pouches in the colon wall) and may result into diverticulitis.
(15) Not So Good For Our Digestive System
Eating tomatoes on a regular and moderate basis has been found to be very beneficial for our stomach and helps in keeping our digestive system healthy.
This benefit of tomatoes is mainly because of the presence of dietary fibers in them.
The dietary fibers present in the tomatoes acts as a natural laxative, improves bowel movement, and ensures smooth elimination of waste from our system.
By doing so, it provides relief from constipation and also reduces the risk of other digestive problems like abdominal pain, bloating, gas, flatulence etc.
Other nutrients like vitamins and minerals present in the tomatoes also play a significant role in keeping our digestive system healthy.
Although dietary fibers present in the tomatoes provides numerous benefits for the digestive system, stil, it is better to eat tomatoes in moderation.
This is because excessive intake of dietary fibers has been found to be bad for our health., and may give rise to problems like malabsorption, intestinal gas, intestinal blockage, irritable bowel syndrome, diarrhea etc.
( 16) May Give Rise To Hypotension
Hypertension or high blood pressure is a major health problem that affects millions of people all over the world. It is also a leading cause of various cardiovascular problems, so, it’s important to have a control over it.
Consuming tomatoes on a regular and moderate basis has been found to be very effective in providing relief from high blood pressure or hypertension.
This benefit of tomatoes is mainly because of the presence of “Potassium” in it.
Potassium is a vital mineral that acts as a vasodilator, relaxes our blood vessels and thus improves blood circulation.
By improving blood circulation, it helps controlling blood pressure level and thus provides relief from hypertension.
However, an excess of everything is bad and same goes with tomatoes.
Eating too many tomatoes can decrease the blood pressure level to an abnormally low level and this may give rise to hypotension.
Hypotension is a condition in which our blood pressure drops down to a dangerously low level, and give rise to symptoms like fatigue, lightheadedness, dizziness, nausea, clammy skin, depression, blurry vision etc.
Also, if you are already taking medication for controlling high blood pressure, then eating tomatoes along with the medication can interfere with the functionality of these medicines, and may even increase the risk of hypotension.
For this reason, it is better to eat tomatoes in limited quantity, and if you are blood pressure medication, then it is better to have a word with your doctor about including tomatoes to your diet.
(17) May Cause Hypoglycemia
Tomatoes have been found to be very beneficial for the individuals suffering from diabetes or who are at the risk of developing diabetes.
This is because of the low glycemic index of tomatoes.
Glycemic index of tomatoes is 15 ( which is considered as low) which means it releases sugar into the blood stream at a slow rate and prevents our blood sugar level from skyrocketing.
In addition to this, dietary fibers present in the tomatoes also plays a significant role in controlling diabetes as they reduce the rate at which sugar gets absorbed into the bloodstream.
Although tomatoes are useful in managing diabetes, still, it is better to not to eat too many tomatoes.
This is because excessive consumption of tomatoes may decrease our blood sugar level to a dangerously low level, giving rise to hypoglycemia.
Hypoglycemia is a condition in which sugar level of our bloodstream drops down to a dangerously low level, and give rise to symptoms like blurry vision, rapid heartbeat, pale skin, headache, extreme hunger, sweating, dizziness, sweating, loss of consciousness etc.
Similarly, if you are on diabetes medication, then it is better to first consult with your doctor about including tomtoes in your diet.
(18) May Not Be So Good For Pregnancy
Tomatoes are a good source of many nutrients like vitamins, minerals, antioxidants, dietary fibers, phytonutrients, flavonoids etc. and presence the f these nutrients make beneficial to be eaten during pregnancy phase.
The antoxidants present in the tomatoes not only protects against the oxidative damage caused by the free radicals but also provides relief from ulcerative colitis, an inflammatory bowel disease that usually triggers in the first trimester of pregnancy or during the postpartum period.
Similarly, the folic acid present in the tomatoes prevents newborn babies from the birth defects like spina bifida and neural tube defects.
Although tomatoes provides a number of health benefits, for a safe side it is better to eat tomatoes in moderation, and only as per the recommendation of your doctor.
The information contained in the post is for general purpose only and shouldn’t be considered as a medical advice or as an alternative to medical advice. Although I’ve tried my best to keep the information contained in this post as accurate and updated as possible, I make no guarantee of the accurateness of the same.
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