As per Wikipedia, Cucumber ( botanical name – Cucumis sativus ) is a widely cultivated plant belonging to gourd family, Cucurbitaceae. There are basically three main varieties of cucumber, these are slicing, pickling and burpless. Cucumber is known as a vegetable , but botanically, it’s a fruit. Cucumber was first cultivated in parts of southern Asia but now it is grown in almost every continent. Cucumber is around 95 % water which makes it a very good for hydration but this is just one reason for eating cucumber, and now we will move forward to know about all the major health benefits of cucumber.
Health Benefits of Cucumber
(1) Eating Cucumber Prevents Constipation and Keeps Kidneys Healthy
One of the main reason for eating cucumber for health is that it is very effective in preventing us from constipation and in keeping our kidneys healthy and thus reducing the risk of developing kidney stones. This benefit of cucumber is because of water and fiber present in it. Water helps in keeping our kidneys healthy and clean and the fibers present in the cucumber helps in proper elimination of waste material out of our body and prevents us from constipation.
Cucumber is also a good source of vitamin C, silica, potassium and magnesium and all these nutrients also plays an important role in making cucumbers good for preventing constipation and for kidney stones. Another important thing about cucumber is that skin of it is rich in vitamin A which is good for our eyes and also provides us several other benefits which mean eating cucumber with skin is more nutritious compared to eating cucumber without the peel.
(2) Cucumber Helps In Controlling Blood Pressure
Cucumber is very effective in controlling blood pressure of our body and thus preventing us from hypertension or high blood pressure. This benefit of cucumber has been confirmed by the studies done at DASH ( Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension) in which it was found that people who consume foods rich in magnesium, potassium and fiber experience low blood pressure level in comparison to those who don’t.
So, if you want to keep a control on your blood pressure level and live a healthy life then this is a very valid reason to eat cucumber for health.
(3) Cucumber Helps In Managing Diabetes
Cucumber has been found to be very beneficial for the patients of diabetes because it possesses a hormone that is required by beta cells during insulin production. The glycemic index of cucumber is zero which means eating cucumber doesn’t contribute to increasing in blood sugar level. Although there are carbohydrates present in cucumber but this carbohydrates can be digested by diabetic patients very easily and helps in controlling diabetes.
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(4) Cucumber Helps In Proper Body Functions
Cucumber is a wonderful cleansing agent and eating cucumber on a regular basis helps in removal of accumulated waste and toxins out of the body. Cucumber has also been found to be very effective for the treatment of arthritis because of their ability to remove uric acid.
Cucumber is considered as a natural diuretic agent as it aids in the urine secretion and this makes cucumber very effective for urinary bladder, kidney, liver and pancreatic functions. Drinking cucumber-carrot juice has been found to be very effective in getting relief from rheumatic conditions caused by the excessive uric acid in our body. Cucumber is also beneficial for proper digestion of protein in our food and is good for our lungs and stomach too.
(5) Eating Cucumber Prevents Dehydration And Helps In Keeping Us Hydrated
Our body is made up of around 60 % water, 73 % of our brain and heart is composed of water, 83 percent of lungs weight is water and water contributes to 90 percent of our blood composition. (source) These facts are enough to understand the importance of water in our body. Cucumbers are around 95 % water and eating cucumber helps in keeping us hydrated and prevents us from the damaging effect of dehydration.
According to the Cleveland clinic, cucumber is very effective in eliminating waste from our body because of the anti-inflammatory compounds present in it, and as per an article published in Fitoterapia journal, water present in cucumber makes it a wonderful product for skin because of its anti-wrinkling and anti-aging property.
(6) Cucumber Reduces Risk Of Development Of Cancer
Eating cucumbers have been found to be very effective in reducing the risk of development of cancer because of the presence of anti-carcinogenic phytonutrients like lignans and cucurbitacins in them.
As per a 2009 study published in Journal of cancer research, it was found that cucurbitacins supplements inhibits the growth of seven pancreatic cancer cell lines by 50 percent and also damage pancreatic cancer cells. Cucumber has also been found to show a positive result in reducing the risk of other types of cancer like ovarian cancer, breast cancer, endometrial and prostate cancers.
There are many other studies that showed the positive effect of eating cucumber and the cancer risk , and as per a study published in Journal of the National Cancer Institute, involving nearly 800 American women it was found that women with the highest lignan intake were at the lowest risk of development of breast cancer and an another study conducted on 1000 women in San Francisco area found that postmenopausal women who with the highest intake of lignans had the lowest risk of developing endometrial cancer ( cancer in the inner lining of uterus).
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(7) Cucumber Is Good For Our Bone health
Eating cucumber has been found to be very beneficial for making our bones stronger because of the presence of vitamin K in it. One cup of cucumber contains about 19 percent of the daily recommended intake of vitamin K. As per a review published in Nutrition, vitamin K present in it helps in reducing the fracture rates and the vitamin D increases bone density. These two compounds combined together helps in strengthening our bones.
As per a 2003 study published in American Journal of Clinical Nutrition , low level of vitamin K were associated with low bone density in women and as per another study published in 1999, by American Journal of Clinical Research , it was found eating food rich in vitamin K can reduce the risk of hip fracture among elderly men and women, and as cucumber is a good source of vitamin K, so this benefit of cucumber is also a good answer to why one should eat cucumber.
(8) Cucumber Is Rich In Antioxidants
The vitamin C present in cucumber helps in making our immune system stronger and the presence of beta carotene in cucumber has been found to be beneficial for our vision. Other than this, cucumber is also rich in other antioxidants, flavonoids, phytonutrients etc which provides anti-inflammatory properties to cucumber.
The antioxidants present in cucumber helps in fighting with the free radicals of our body and stabilize them and thus prevents the damage to the body. Because of these antioxidant benefits of cucumber, cucumber is widely used for cosmetic purposes.
(9) Cucumber Is Good For Heart health
Cucumber is good for our heart and cardiovascular health because of potassium present in it and reduces the risk of various health problems like heart diseases, diabetes, stroke, and obesity, all of which plays a very important role in damaging the health of our heart. Many studies have claimed that low intake of potassium regulates blood pressure and promotes vasodilation.
As per a study involving 12000 adults, published in Archives of Internal Medicine, people who consumed 4069 mg of potassium every day were at 37 percent lower risk of development of cardiovascular disease and 49 percent lower risk of development of ischemic heart disease in comparison to those who only took 1793 mg of potassium every day.
(10) Cucumber Protect your brain from neurological diseases
Cucumber contains an anti-inflammatory compound “Fisetin” in it and this is what makes cucumber good for our brain as it reduces the risk of development of cognitive diseases and other age-related neurological disorders/diseases like Alzheimer’s etc. because of the presence of an anti-inflammatory compound “Fisetin” in it.
(11) Cucumber Helps In Relieving pain
The anti-inflammatory properties of cucumber make it very effective for providing relief from body pain.
(12) Cucumber Reduce bad breath
Eating cucumber helps in combating bad breath because it is rich in water and saliva, and eating food rich in these compounds increase the production of saliva in our mouth which in turns helps in fighting with the bad breath causing bacteria in our mouth.
(13) Cucumber Helps In Maintaining a healthy weight
Cucumbers are very good for maintaining a healthy weight as they are around 95 percent water which means eating them doesn’t contribute to weight gain and you can eat them without any worry.
(14) Cucumber Helps In Managing Stress
Stress is a leading factor behind many health problems of today’s time and we should do our best to stay as cool and relaxed as possible. Eating cucumbers help us in doing so because of the presence of multiple B vitamins like vitamin B1, vitamin B5 and vitamin B7 in them, and these vitamins help in combating stress and provides relaxation.
Nutrition Chart of Cucumber
All the benefits of cucumber is because of various nutrients present in it. Let’s take a look at the below mentioned nutrition chart of cucumber to know about these nutrients in detail.
These were some of the major health benefits of cucumber. Being a good source of nutrients like vitamins,minerals etc. it is benefecial not just for our health but also for our skin and hair. However, excess of anything is bad and same goes with cucumbers. One should always eat cucumbers in moderation as there are some side effects of overeating cucumbers.
The information contained in the post is for general purpose only and shouldn’t be considered as a medical advice or as an alternative to medical advice. Although I’ve tried my best to keep the information contained in this post as accurate and updated as possible, but I make no guarantee of the accurateness of the same.
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