Eggplant (Solanum melongena) , Brinjal, Aubergine are the various name of the same thing. It is a species of nightshade grown for its edible fruit. In general, it is known as a vegetable but botanically speaking eggplant is a fruit. It is a native to India but is now grown in many regions of the world. Being one of the most unliked vegetables ( especially among children) it is not given proper importance but the reality is that eggplants are great and provides a lot of health benefits because of the number of nutrients like vitamins,minerals,antioxidants, dietary fibers etc. present in them. In this article, we will know about the major health benefits of eggplant but first, let’s take a look at below mentioned nutrition chart of eggplant.
Nutrition Chart of Eggplant (Brinjal)
Health Benefits of Eggplant (Brinjal)
(1) Keeps Our Digestive System Healthy
Eggplant is a great source of dietary fibers and, the presence of these fibers make eggplant very beneficial for our stomach and helps in keeping our digestive system healthy.The dietary fiber aids in regulating the bowel movement as it loose stool and ensures proper elimination of waste out of the body and thus provide relief from constipation. The fiber present in eggplant also plays an important role in maintaining the gastrointestinal health of a person as they stimulate the gastric juice secretion which facilitates the absorption of nutrients in our body.
The fiber present in eggplant not only maintains the digestive health of a person but also improves the overall health of a person as it well known that poor digestive system can give rise to many other health complications. Eggplant keeps our digestive system healthy and thus reduces the risk of associated health problems.
(2) Promotes Weight Loss
If you are on a weight loss journey then it will be a good idea to add eggplant to your diet as they are very beneficial for promoting weight loss. This is because they have almost no fat or cholesterol which means you can eat them without worrying about cardiovascular health. They are low in calories and 100 grams of eggplant provides around 25 calories which are low and this means you can enjoy them ( in moderation) without worrying about the calories.
Last but not the least, eggplant are also a good source of dietary fiber that plays an important role in weight loss. The dietary fiber present in eggplant keep our satisfied our stomach satisfied and decreases our urge to eat again and again, and thus controls overeating. As overeating is a major cause of obesity so by controlling overeating it aids in controlling obesity.
(3) Reduces The Risk Of Cancers
Eating eggplant on a regular and moderate basis is very beneficial for reducing the risk of several types of cancer because of the presence of antioxidants like vitamin C in it. These antioxidants fight with the free radicals of our body and prevents them from causing damage to our body cells. Generally speaking, free radicals are nothing but the unstabilized ions that get formed due to the oxidation of food in our body.
As they are unstabilized so they steal electrons from the molecule of our body cells and thus cause damage to them and this gives rise to premature aging, weakened the immune system, increased risk of cancer and so on. The antioxidants present in eggplant prevents these free radicals from causing oxidative damage to our body.
In addition to this, eggplant also contains some unusual antioxidants like nasunin and chlorogenic acid which prevents free radicals damage.
(4) Make Our Bones Stronger
Eggplant is very beneficial for improving the bone health of a person and this makes them very suitable for the individuals who are at a high risk of bone degradation and osteoporosis. The phenolic compound present in eggplant not only give it its unique coloration but also strengthens our bones, increases bone density and is linked with reducing the risk of osteoporosis.
In addition to this, eggplant also contains iron, calcium and magnesium and these nutrients also play an important role in keeping our bones stronger.
(5) Reduces The Risk Of Anemia
Eggplants are rich in iron which is a vital nutrient that plays many important roles in keeping us healthy. Iron helps in the formation of hemoglobin, carries oxygen to every cell of our body, improves muscle function ,improves brain function, and provides many other benefits (source) .
Being a good source of iron, eggplant is very beneficial for preventing us from iron deficiency which can otherwise cause anemia and is characterized by the symptoms like general fatigue, weakness, pale skin, difficulty in breathing, irregular heartbeat, cold feet and hand, headache etc.(source)
In addition to this, the copper present in eggplant also plays an important role in reducing the risk of anemia and thus helps in keeping us healthy.
(6) Improves Nerve Function
Eating eggplant on a regular and moderate basis is very beneficial for improving our brain function because of the presence of phytonutrients in them. These phytonutrients boost our brain activity and also improves our general mental health. Being a good source of antioxidants, eggplant is also useful for protecting our brain cells from the oxidative damage caused by the free radicals of our body and reduces the risk of cognitive diseases like Alzheimer’s diseases, dementia etc.
The iron present in eggplant improves the flow of oxygenated blood to our nerve cells and thus improves their functionality. They are also a good source of potassium which is a vasodilator that reduces stress from our brain and improves its functionality.
(7) Provides Cardiovascular Benefits
Regular and moderate consumption of eggplant is very good for our heart and helps in keeping our cardiovascular system healthy. They have no cholesterol which means one can enjoy eggplant without worrying about cardiovascular problems like heart attack, heart stroke, irregular heartbeat etc.
In fact, the dietary fiber present in eggplant absorbs cholesterol from our body and this helps in reducing bad cholesterol or LDL cholesterol from our body and reduces the risk of various cardiovascular problems like heart attack, heart stroke, irregular heartbeat, weak pulse, arthritis calories etc. Eggplant is good for our heart cardiovascular system not only because it reduces bad cholesterol but also because it stimulates good cholesterol ( HDL cholesterol).
Another reason eggplant is beneficial for our cardiovascular system is because of the presence of flavonoids and potassium in them. These compounds reduce blood pressure and thus reduces the risk of high blood pressure or hypertension which give rise to various cardiovascular problems.
(8) Regulates Blood Sugar Level
Eggplant is very suitable for the individuals who are suffering from diabetes. This is because they are low in carbohydrates and consuming them don’t cause a sudden rise in the blood glucose level of our body. In addition to this, the dietary fiber present in eggplant also plays an important role in diabetes management.
(9) Prevents Birth Defects
Eggplant is a rich source of folic acid and this makes them very beneficial for the pregnant women as the folic acid is an essential nutrient that protects infants from the birth defects like spina bifida and anencephaly.
In addition to this, folic acid also plays an important role in the growth and development of a baby. Because of this reason, pregnant women are advised to ensure enough intake of folic acid in their diet and as eggplant is a good source of folic acid, so it is a good idea to add eggplant to your diet during pregnancy.
(10) Supports Fetus Development
Eggplant is beneficial for pregnant women not only because of its ability to prevent birth defect but also because of the number of vitamins,minerals and other nutrients present in them. These nutrients play a very important role in keeping pregnant women healthy and are essential for the development of the fetus.
In addition to this, eggplant is a good source of iron,copper,potassium,manganese etc. and these compounds helps in maintaining electrolyte balance of our body,increases hemoglobin count and ensures the significant flow of blood to our body cells.
(11) Regulates Gestational Diabetes
Consuming eggplant during pregnancy period is also beneficial for reducing the risk of gestational diabetes. Gestational diabetes is diabetes during pregnancy and it triggers when the pregnant women (not suffering from diabetes) exhibit high glucose level during pregnancy. Eggplant helps in regulating blood glucose level and thus regulates gestational diabetes (source).
(12) Wonderful Immunity Booster
Regular and moderate consumption of eggplant is also beneficial for boosting the immune system of our body because of the presence of antioxidants like Vitamin C, Vitamin E in them. These antioxidants fight with the free radicals of our body, stabilizes them and thus prevents them from causing oxidative damage to our immune system.
Our immune system plays an important role in keeping us healthy as it prevents foreign invaders like bacteria and viruses from entering our body and thus minimizes the risk of various diseases. Also, it is the immune system that makes us healthy again, when we get ill as it fights with the disease-causing bacteria,viruses etc. and destroys them.
These were some of the major health benefits of eggplant. Although eggplants are very beneficial for our health , but still it is better to eat them in moderation, as overeating eggplants is bad and there are some side effects of eating too many eggplants .
The information contained in the post is for general purpose only and shouldn’t be considered as a medical advice or as an alternative to medical advice. Although I’ve tried my best to keep the information contained in this post as accurate and updated as possible, but I make no guarantee of the accurateness of the same.
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